The book has been planned and prepared to prove a trustworthy friend and philosopher and to provide meaningful guidance to all those interested in the proper care and development of children. It is especially addressed to prospective teachers. It attempts to provide suitable answers to such challenging questions: How do children grow and develop? What are the various stages of development? What are the needs of a specific stage? What is the significance of providing a healthy environment? What role should the school and the family play in the optimum growth and development of children? All these questions are discussed in the Indian Context.