The privilege of participation in God's Mission of "Reconciling the world unto Himself" (2 Cor 5:19) has been entrusted to the Church, a community of believers in Jesus Christ. Hence, to participate in God's Mission, the Church in India has to re-discover her relevance in the ever changing religious, cultural and social resurgent context. In order to do this, the Church should be mindful of resources received from Vedic, Dalit and Western Spiritualities. The Church should also not hesitate to analyse critically its strengths, weaknesses and challenges -; which would lead to focus on mission in context. Then the primary task of the leaders would be to empower worshipping communities to become "basic ecclesial communities", i.e., worshipping communities in which God is worshipped spiritedly, caring and sharing takes place enthusiastically and they are involved with others willingly, for the transformation of people, communities and structures in the cause of fulfilling God's purpose in this world. This self-evaluation work on challenges of Christian Mission in India is very informative and scholarly; encapsulating various subjects of Christian studies like Biblical literature, History, Religions, Theology and Mission; thereby proves to be a treat for Christian Preachers, Teachers, Catechists, Presiders and various Christian Institutions & Organizations.