The book, ‘Medical Anthropology’, is an outcome of scholarly hard labour devoted in covering health, disease and treatment cultures of communities in India by the author. India is such a country where plural medical systems are available for the people. They are Ayurveda, Yoga, Siddha, Unani, Homoeopathy and Naturopathy. Besides these medical systems, communities follow magical, religious and scientific concepts of health behaviour and wellness. Folk medicines are prepared and used to cure diseases. They are available in and around village environment or in forest. Food control behaviour is also observed to curve diseases and maintain health. Our Government has launched a number of programmes to maintain health in rural and urban areas. Governmental, non-Governmental and international agencies are involved to bring people in main stream of nation so far as health, disease and treatment are concerned. All these subject-matters form the content of the book. These subject-matters have been presented systematically in simple language to make readers and scholars understand the basic of Medical Anthropology taught in Indian Universities.