India is drawing the world's attention, not only because of its population explosion but also because of its prevailing as well as emerging health profile and profound political, economic, and social transformations. Health is a function, not only of medical care but also the overall integrated development of society- cultural, economic, education, social, and political. Each of these aspects has a profound influence on health that, in turn, influences all these aspects. Health is an essential determinant of economic wellbeing. This book covers twenty chapters into four major areas; first General Health Status, second Diseases & Medical Tourism Status, third Women & Child Issues, and fourth Environmental Health Issues. It provides an understanding of healthcare, health economics, environmental health issues, and wellbeing. This book will receive excellent attention and support from researchers, scholars, and policymakers.