The Prohibition of Child Labour as a concept and also as a solemn objective has not only national dimensions, but finds a place in international conventions as well. In India, the grundnorm, the Constitution of India recognizes and incorporates in Part III and Part IV therein the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy, respectively. There have also been some major initiatives taken on the legislative front, the latest being the enactment of Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016. However, we as a nation are still far from realizing this objective as there is a need to vigorously implement the law. This book analyses and highlights, both from the national as well as international perspective, different aspects related to the problem of Child Labour, inter alia including, a background and the gravity of the problem, the emerging issues as well as the initiatives already taken as also those in pipeline along with the achievements therewith. In the final chapter of the book, the conclusions and recommendations from the author to deal with this problem have been included. This book shall be of great help to students, academicians, researchers, judges, law practitioners, activists and organisations working for child welfare.